TINJAUAN KEHUJJAHAN ‘URF TERHADAP MAHAR PERNIKAHAN PERSPEKTIF MADZAHIB AL-ARBA’AH

  • Abdul Basit Misbachul Fitri
Keywords: 'Urf and Dowry, Habit, Dowry

Abstract

'Urf is a habitual tradition that occurs in a society that can be used as a legal basis in Islam. Each region, tribe has different customs. Usul Fiqh scholars divide 'urf into three parts: 1). in terms of reach Al-'Urf al-Amm and Al-'Urf al-Khashsh. 2). in terms of validity, Al-'urf ash-Sahih ('Urf the Valid) and Al-'Urf al-Fasidah ('Urf damaged/wrong). 3). In terms of objects, 'Urf lafdzi/qauli and 'Urf amali. The validity of 'Urf from the perspective of Madzahib al-Arba'ah, according to the Hanafiyah and Malikiyah scholars, makes the 'Urf (tradition) living among the Medina experts the basis for establishing law and prioritizing it over the hadith on Sunday, compared to the scholars of 'Syafi'iyyah and Hanabilah. Dowry is a voluntary gift that is a symbol of his sincerity, honesty, and commitment in marrying a woman. In general, the dowry is in the form of property, goods, and services that do not conflict with Islamic law, the dowry can also be in the form of a man's work that benefits the woman. More importantly, the dowry in the form of goods, which can last a long time and cause peace for the woman is obligated to be given by the groom to the woman at the time of ijab qabul.

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Published
2021-12-30